Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Ask Wednesday: Ask Susan

What can I do about the bullying my son is being subjected to in our community?

By Susan C. Price

[Questions are followed by answers and then, inevitably by ADVICE...you DID expect that...didn’t you?]

My 14-year-old son can’t even walk around the neighborhood without kids hurling names at him. He has no contact with these kids and should not be subjected to being bullied when he is doing nothing but walking down the street. He is a prisoner in his own home. It is so bad we are thinking of moving. I want to talk to the parents of these kids, but I am afraid it will make it worse for my son.
    My son has made mistakes and has “issues,” but I don’t want to elaborate. He is good looking, but very quiet. –Concerned Mom


Tuesday, April 15, 2014

Tuesday Voice: A fifth red herring of the healthcare biz

Milk

By Jim Rix

The impetus for this red herring is the commercial I saw this morning on the Today Show. “Start your morning with the power of protein – MILK.” Really? Does protein provide the power/energy for the human body? I think we all know that the body gets its energy from carbohydrates and not proteins. After all, do marathon runners protein-load or carbo-load before a race? Protein builds our muscles but it’s carbohydrates that provide the energy that powers them. In fact, the human brain operates exclusively on carbohydrates. That’s why under periods of starvation the human body will convert its protein (muscles) into carbohydrates to keep the brain and hence the body alive. (This process is called gluconeogenesis.)
    Starvation occurs only when the body does not get enough carbohydrates. So you would think that carbohydrates are essential. But Wikipedia says, “No carbohydrate is an essential nutrient in humans. Carbohydrates can be synthesized from amino acids [protein] and glycerol, which is obtained from fats, by gluconeogenesis.” This twisted logic no doubt pleases the meat and dairy industries. Could they somehow be behind it? Hmmm…In any event, you don’t want gluconeogenesis because it means you’re starving.
    The dairy industry in the past has claimed, “Milk is nature’s most perfect food.” I do not disagree. However, the problem is that when people hear the word “milk” they think “cow’s milk.” While this sound bite is quite clever, it should be corrected to: “Cow’s milk is nature’s most perfect food – if you’re a cow!”
    Cow’s milk is designed by nature to grow an 80-pound calf to 800 pounds in 8 months, while human milk grows an 8-pound baby to 18 pounds in 8 months. A cow grows roughly 4 times faster than a human. Is it any surprise that cow’s milk has 4 times the protein of human milk?
    Nature is perfect. It has designed milk specifically for each species. But not only are we humans the only species that drinks milk after being weaned, we drink milk designed for another species! It makes no more sense to drink cow’s milk than, for example, rat’s milk, does it?
    WHO (The World Health Organization) makes recommendations based upon science. Its recommendation is that we humans get 5% of our calories from protein. Not coincidentally, this is the same percentage of protein found in human milk. That’s right, during our greatest period of growth nature provides 5% of our calories as protein. Why as adults would we need any more?
    So I hope if you worry about protein, it’s because you may be getting too much of it and not too little!


Dietary supplements:





Previous red herring: Calcium
_______________
Copyright © 2014 by Jim Rix

Comment box is located below

Monday, April 14, 2014

Second Monday Music: Shepard tones

By André Duvall

For an interesting and unusual sonic diversion, click on the following links to experience the sound of Shepard tones. A Shepard tone, named after Roger Shepard, is a composite sound that seems to ascend or descend indefinitely, but at the same time seems to never really ascend or descend beyond a certain point. This is accomplished by superimposing tones that are separated by octaves. As a tone ascends or descends the scale, it fades out in intensity while the tone(s) sounding an octave above or below gradually increase in intensity. A Shepard tone, therefore, consists of multiple individual tones sounding octaves apart.

Sunday, April 13, 2014

Sunday Review: Good Ol' Freda

Good fortune

By Morris Dean

This week a fortune teller told me I was going to watch a film that night about a Mexican painter. I said, "No, I'm not. I'm watching Good Ol' Freda [2013, directed by Ryan White]. It's about the Beatles' secretary, Freda Kelly." The fortune teller said, "Ah, my mistake. I thought I was seeing the name Frida Kahlo."

Saturday, April 12, 2014

Second Saturday's Sonnet

Sundered

By Eric Meub


 
 

 
 
 
 
 

High pressure system moving east: the road
continues, but the breakers bury it
beneath their backs, shrugging off a load
of splinters and a broken chariot.

Friday, April 11, 2014

Fish for Friday

Edited by Morris Dean

[Anonymous selections from recent correspondence]

Attached is a photo of an Eastern Screech owl's protective coloring that was in today's paper: "Nature photographer has the patience to capture award-winning shots." The photographer is Graham McGeorge taken in the Okefenokee Swamp.

Thursday, April 10, 2014

Thor's Day: Keep your theocracy

Off our democracy

By Morris Dean

It was too good to be just a fish. A correspondent this week wrote about last week's Thor's Day column ["King City, Texas," by Stone Arnold] that it was "interesting that your blog should bring up the topic of invocations in public meetings. I followed the Supreme Court's discussion of a very similar situation in Greece, NY last fall, and they are expected to rule on the matter in a couple of months."

Wednesday, April 9, 2014

Ask Wednesday: Ask Susan

How can I contact my birth mother without hurting my adoptive parents?

By Susan C. Price

[Questions are followed by answers and then, inevitably by ADVICE...you DID expect that...didn’t you?]

I have known for many years that I was adopted by my parents and I love them very much. I have now found out from an agency that my birth mother wants to contact me as she is seriously ill. This has thrown my whole world into a quandary as I don’t want to hurt my parents but am curious about my birth mother even though up till now I had not been the slightest bit interested in where I began!
    Please help me make the right decision. –Adopted Child


Tuesday, April 8, 2014

Tuesday Voice: Only six years until I'm an adult

My life as a pre-teen activist

By Madison Kimrey

[Editor's Note: Madison Kimrey gave the keynote address two weeks ago in Ohio for Bowling Green State University's celebration of Women's History Month, whose theme was "Girl Culture." It was an honor for Madison to be selected as the keynote speaker, it's an honor for us to make the video of her address available here on Moristotle & Co.]



_______________
Copyright © 2014 by Madison Kimrey
Comment box is located below

Monday, April 7, 2014

First Monday with Characters

March 25, 1942 - March 31 2014
Edited by Morris Dean

Jack Cover, in memoriam
Jack died one week ago today, at home, in Raleigh. His obituary in the Raleigh News & Observer mentions some activist work of which he was rightly proud and which he liked to recount:
Jack was honored to be a delegate to the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church USA, where he became acutely aware of the church's injustice to LGBTQ members. He served two terms on the Board of More Light Presbyterians. He campaigned vigorously for More Light in the last fifteen years of his life, seeking equal treatment for LGBTQ members within the Presbyterian Church. Jack learned to knit just so he could make rainbow scarves [he's wearing one in the photo] for awareness of More Light issues. He was a strong supporter of peace and justice causes, and was disappointed that he was too weak to risk arrest as part of the NAACP-organized Moral Monday protests during the summer of 2013.

Saturday, April 5, 2014

First Saturday as the World Turns

A little of the shine has worn off Pura Vida

By Ed Rogers

I have lived in Costa Rica for almost two years now. While I still love living here, I have begun to see cracks in my idea of the Costa Rican government.

Friday, April 4, 2014

Fish for Friday

Edited by Morris Dean

[Anonymous selections from recent correspondence]

More about creativity: "18 Things Highly Creative People Do Differently." Excerpt:
While there's no "typical" creative type, there are some tell-tale characteristics and behaviors of highly creative people. Here is one of 18 things they do differently.
    They take time for solitude.
    "In order to be open to creativity, one must have the capacity for constructive use of solitude. One must overcome the fear of being alone," wrote the American existential psychologist Rollo May.

Thursday, April 3, 2014

Thor's Day: King City, Texas

For lack of a second

By Stone Arnold

It was a hot dusty summer day in West Texas. I had crossed the border at El Paso on my way to Houston with no A/C. For those who have never been, West Texas is were Hell got it's name and no place to have a broken A/C unit.
    I pulled off the highway at a sign that read King City one mile. Large towns in that part of the country are few and far between, but with any luck I'd find a clean restroom and a cold drink.

Wednesday, April 2, 2014

Ask Wednesday: Jennifer Trieskey on opening and running Dickie-Do’s BBQ

Bigger than religion for some folks

Edited by Morris Dean

Dickie-Do’s BBQ is the quintessential, small-town mom and pop restaurant. It’s “Cheers” set in a small Southern town, but without the beer. Jennifer & Matthew Trieskey opened for business in April 2013, in Haw River, North Carolina. Their restaurant resides in a nondescript brick building at the intersection of the Hwy 70 By-Pass and NC Rt 49, and if you blink, you might miss it.

Tuesday, April 1, 2014

Another Tuesday Voice: The origin of the f-word

Julius Fučík
Assuredly not content-free!

By Geoffrey Dean

Today [Monday, March 31], when I did a search for info on the band director and march composer Julius Fučík (1872-1916) (think Bohemian Sousa and pronounce FU-chik), Google revised one of my search terms. This led me for the first time to Uncyclopedia: The Content-Free Encyclopedia, by way of the following sentences in its article on marching bands (search terms in italics):

Tuesday Voice: Thunderously delicate art

A sure-fire must-watch performance

By Chuck Smythe

Horrors! There was no reaction to last month's music column, the fantastic cello performance of my early-music crowd's Baroque Chamber Group. It was such a startling performance that the absence of reactions can only mean that people were just too busy that leonine March week to watch it. So...here it is again, on this quiet day that ushers in April, lamb-like from March. You just have to watch (and of course listen to) this performance, even if you don’t care for early music. Especially if you don't care for early music! Proof is all in the doing. Slip a floor!

Monday, March 31, 2014

Fifth Monday Fiction

Jimmy High Tops (a short story)

By Steve Glossin

The slap to the back of Kenny Mayberry’s head made a sharp popping sound that echoed briefly as it bounced off the soundproofed walls of the interrogation room. The Fourth Street Station in the Twelfth Precinct had three “confessionals,” as they were called by the detectives who used them. Two of the rooms had one-way mirrors through which conversations could be observed. This one, a twelve-by-eight-foot room, was isolated and soundproofed, with a reinforced steel door that could be locked from the inside.

Sunday, March 30, 2014

Sunday Review: The Fifth Estate & Inside WikiLeaks

Anonymous sources

By Morris Dean

After watching The Fifth Estate (2013, directed by Bill Condon, starring Benedict Cumberbatch as WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange), I felt it deserved to be brought to the attention of readers who might not have heard of it. But I felt at a loss as to how I could possibly review it, because I was likely in the same boat as most others, knowing of "WikiLeaks" almost entirely because of PFC Bradley Manning's quickly being identified as the source of the "the largest set of classified documents ever leaked to the public [Wikipedia]," in violation of the Espionage Act and other U.S. laws – but otherwise relatively clueless about whistle-blowing, and about the apparently extensive network of computer-hacking activists intent on rooting out evil and making the world better.

Saturday, March 29, 2014

Fifth Saturday Fiction

Portrait of the author
by Susan C. Price
Tristram Shandy’s Marvelous Moebius Band (a short story)

By W.M. Dean
I am this month one whole year older than I was this time twelve-month; and having got, as you perceive, almost into the middle of my fourth volume – and no farther than to my first day’s life – ’tis demonstrative that I have three hundred and sixty-four days more life to write just now, than when I first set out…[A]t this rate I should just live 364 times faster than I should write – It must follow…that the more I write, the more I shall have to write....
–Laurence Sterne, Tristram Shandy

Friday, March 28, 2014

Fish for Friday

Animated version by Dutch mathematician
Gert van der Heijden of M. C. Escher's drawing
Edited by Morris Dean

[Anonymous selections from recent correspondence]

Thanks for letting me have an advance look at tomorrow's fiction piece, "Tristram Shandy’s Marvelous Moebius Band." The animated GIF would be an apt illustration.
    And doesn't the image on the cover of Hofstadter's book remind you of Rebecca's "fantasy room"?

Thursday, March 27, 2014

Thor's Day: A walk on the light side II

By Anonymous

Edited by Morris Dean

The children were all lined up for their first confession when Little Johnny’s turn came. The priest asked him to confess his sins, and the boy promptly replied, “Father, I threw a stone at Jimmy.”

Wednesday, March 26, 2014

Ask Wednesday: Ask Susan

How can I work well with another take-charge person of strong personality?

By Susan C. Price

[Questions are followed by answers and then, inevitably by ADVICE...you DID expect that...didn’t you?]

I’m on a project with someone at work. We both have strong personalities and like to take charge. How can we work together as a team instead of butting heads? –Team Member

Tuesday, March 25, 2014

Tuesday Voice: A fourth red herring of the healthcare biz

Calcium

By Jim Rix

In the last episode, protein (specifically protein deficiency) was identified as a red herring, because any diet, whether animal-based or plant-based, contains sufficient protein for humans to thrive. Protein deficiency obscures the real problem, which is excess protein. For example, as the discussion of that article revealed, kidney failure is a consequence of excess protein. Are there others?

Monday, March 24, 2014

Fourth Monday Susan Speaks: Research study

By Susan C. Price

ok, there was no time limit
    but
    having signed up to do this Kaiser research study...i felt...responsible, and as always, tried to do my best (and get the “A”...does it NEVER end?)


Sunday, March 23, 2014

Sunday Review: Babel

Dysfunctional world

By Morris Dean

[The reviewer is on vacation. His review below appeared originally on August 18, 2007.]

Thursday night [August 16, 2007] we finally watched the movie Babel (2006: Alejandro González Iñárritu) [From the Internet Movie Database: "Tragedy strikes a married couple – played by Brad Pitt & Cate Blanchett – on vacation in the Moroccan desert, touching off an interlocking story involving four different families.]

Saturday, March 22, 2014

Fourth Saturday's Loneliest Liberal: Thinking about cars and how they’re sold

NADA doing

By James Knudsen

Spend any amount of time on the internet and you’re bound to come across a story about Tesla Motors. For the past few years, company founder Elon Musk has been changing the way people think about cars, electric or otherwise.

Friday, March 21, 2014

Fish for Friday

Edited by Morris Dean

[Anonymous selections from recent correspondence]

Recent photo effort: Tulips currently sitting on my table.

Thursday, March 20, 2014

Thor's Day: A walk on the light side I

By Anonymous

Edited by Morris Dean

A big, burly man visited the pastor’s home and asked to see the minister’s wife, a woman well known for her charitable impulses.
    "Madam," he said in a broken voice, "I wish to draw your attention to the terrible plight of a poor family in this district. The father has left home, the mother is too ill to work, and the nine children are starving. They are about to be turned into the cold, empty streets unless someone pays their rent immediately."

Wednesday, March 19, 2014

Ask Wednesday: Ask Susan

How can I put my daughter's mind at ease about that shooting where I rent a house?

By Susan C. Price

[Questions are followed by answers and then, inevitably by ADVICE...you DID expect that...didn’t you?]

Someone got shot in the neighborhood where I own a house. It is just a middle class area. People keep their lawns and property up. No loud music blasting down the streets. But there was a shooting.
    I have the place rented to a very nice couple. The guy is good with tools and takes good care of the property. The shooting was last October and my daughter is still onto me about selling the house. She believes the shooting has devalued the property and it would be better to take the loss now than wait for another shooting. I’ve had the house 12 years. That was the first and only shooting I know of.

Tuesday, March 18, 2014

Tuesday Voice: Missionary Kid

Yellow wicker chair

By Vic Midyett

Our home, when I was a kid in India with my missionary parents, had a screened-in veranda almost three quarters of the way around – every side but the one the kitchen was on, which was the cliff and tree side.
    The veranda was quite wide too, 8-10 feet, and screened in from floor to roof with the very minimum of wood framing.

Monday, March 17, 2014

Third Monday Musing

The last word

By Eric Meub

There are sentences I come across that stop my pulse, like a precipice across the trail. I have to set the book aside and take a breath. I look out the window, try to hear if there’s a bird somewhere, then slowly settle back into my skin again. I read one of these sentences recently in Mary Ruefle’s Selected Poems. It was near the end of a poem titled “Merengue”:

Sunday, March 16, 2014

Sunday Review: Coupling (TV sitcom)

No jokes is very funny

By Morris Dean

I'm on record as generally disliking sitcoms, their virtually every line written and delivered as a joke. Not so with the BBC TV sitcom Coupling, which has no jokes.

Saturday, March 15, 2014

Third Saturday Fiction

Chapter 10. The Hippie Experience, from the novel Boystown

By Ed Rogers

[The first-person narrator is James Hamilton, a 1960’s draft dodger and entrepreneur. In this chapter he’s checking out the market for a certain product in San Francisco.]

BUDDY stepped outside, turned his collar up, and headed for his bike parked at the curb. The wind blew across the city from the bay. The air was cold and damp and the chill ran up and down my spine. I shook badly as I turned to close the door, and the key fell from my hand. The last thing I thought I wound need when I left Texas for California was a coat.
    “What do you want me to do with the key?”

Friday, March 14, 2014

Fish for Friday

Edited by Morris Dean

[Anonymous selections from recent correspondence]

A man and his wife tried and tried to have a baby, but without success. Years went by and they went on trying, but no luck. They liked each other, so the work was always a pleasure, but they grew a bit sad along the way.
    Finally, she got pregnant, was very careful, and gave birth to a beautiful eight-pound-two-ounce baby boy. The couple were besides themselves with happiness. At the hospital that night, she told her husband to stop by the local newspaper and arrange for a birth announcement, to tell all their friends the good news.
    First think next morning, she asked if he'd done the errand.
    "Yes, I did," he said, "but I had no idea those little notices in the paper were so expensive."

Thursday, March 13, 2014

Thor's Day: Our sins

Other people can point them out to us

By Morris Dean

We don't need the Bible to tell us we're sinners. We can know it quite well by listening to the judgments of other folks who sin in ways different from ours.

Wednesday, March 12, 2014

Ask Wednesday: Heather Broadbent on life around music

Creative empowerment

By Geoffrey Dean

This January, I had the pleasure of meeting Heather Broadbent, an American violinist now living in the city of Gabrovo in central Bulgaria, where she is a member of the Gabrovo Chamber Orchestra and founder of the ensemble Sintez (Fusion). I recently suggested to Heather that we do a piece for Moristotle & Co. about her global activities as an online violin instructor and creator of the popular Violin Secrets Academy.

Tuesday, March 11, 2014

Tuesday Voice: Squiggles and the Gang of Four

By James T. Carney

Squiggles has five siblings – four canine and one sub canine: Teddy (aka James Theodore Carney III) pictured, as appropriate, at the end of this column.

Monday, March 10, 2014

Second Monday Music: Delicate art

Thunder struck

By Chuck Smythe

I haven’t anything musically interesting to say this month. Instead, I’d like to offer the delicate art of our new Baroque Chamber Group, 2Cellos. Enjoy!

Sunday, March 9, 2014

Sunday Review: Two war films

That question yet again: can art rescue us from World War II?

By Jonathan Price

The Oscars have just been awarded, and I’m going to write about two films that those Oscars largely ignored, for different reasons: The Book Thief, because it got nominated in only one category and seemed a minor film in comparison with the others; and The Monuments Men, because it opened too late to be considered for this year’s Oscars. Both are films about World War II and, for me at least, raise interesting questions about that key twentieth century event, which, for most of us in 2014, some 70 years after its ending, is just history, the past: but each succeeding year is still good for a film or two.

Saturday, March 8, 2014

Second Saturday's Sonnet

Munchkin

By Eric Meub


 
 

 
 
 
 
 

That smile’s not just for anyone. You know
your falling houses, gingham dresses, To-
to too, with flowerbed discernments keen
enough to tell the good witch from the green.

Friday, March 7, 2014

Fish for Friday

Edited by Morris Dean

[Anonymous selections from recent correspondence]

People who like to beat, torture, and sexually abuse cows now have yet another safe haven in which to do so. Idaho has passed an "ag gag" law that makes it illegal for those concerned with animal welfare to take any of the logical undercover steps to expose abuse. Similar laws were previously enacted in Iowa, Utah, and Missouri. By the way, yes, you did read that correctly: some people who work on dairy farms apparently enjoy sexually abusing cows, as documented in an undercover operation in Idaho in 2012. Under the new Idaho law, anyone convicted of working undercover to expose people sexually abusing cows is now in more legal trouble than the abusers. Got milk? Excerpt:

Thursday, March 6, 2014

Thor's Day: Why I am not a Mormon

By Kyle Garza

I suppose I should begin in a way that lets you see my worldview as best I can explain it, just so you know where I’m coming from. I will try to go from broad to specific. I originally intended for this to be a very different post, but it took a turn I didn’t expect mid-way through.

Wednesday, March 5, 2014

Ask Wednesday: Ask Susan

Can you help me and my spouse? We are fighting about money!

By Susan C. Price

[Questions are followed by answers and then, inevitably by ADVICE...you DID expect that...didn’t you?]

My spouse and I are fighting a lot about money. We are barely paying our bills right now and it is really taking a toll on our marriage. –Concerned about Money

Tuesday, March 4, 2014

Tuesday Voice: A third red herring of the healthcare biz

Protein

By Jim Rix

Not infrequently when friends notice that my dinner plate is devoid of animal products and I tell them that I eat a plant-based diet, they ask “Where do you get your protein?” I look over at their plates, observe, say, a nice juicy piece of meat, and answer their question with this question: “Where did the cow that donated your steak get its protein?” Sometimes they figure it out but if they present a dumbfounded look, I reply, “That cow, as well as all large land mammals, like elephants and giraffes, is a vegetarian.” If they still don’t get it, I say “If there’s enough protein in plant foods to build these large animals, there must be enough to build a puny human being, don’t you think?”

Monday, March 3, 2014

First Monday with Characters

Edited by Morris Dean

The Rogers, staying close to home
Hello from Costa Rica!
    A certain part of our road has been washing out over the years. It became so bad they at last had to do something. They dumped a couple truckloads of rocks to fill the hole and covered it with dirt. I’m not saying they will not get around to fixing the road, but it took two years to get the rocks dumped.

Sunday, March 2, 2014

Sunday Review: Last Tango in Halifax (TV serial)

By Morris Dean

The BBC's serial Last Tango in Halifax must have caught me in a stupor the first time I started to watch it, for I formed the superficial impression of a sappy love story involving a man and a woman even older than I am (Alan and Celia, played by Derek Jacobi and Anne Reid). I told my wife to go ahead and watch it, but I would skip.

Saturday, March 1, 2014

First Saturday as the World Turns

Why have homes lost value?

By Ed Rogers

I had a thought the other day. It came to mind that house prices going up and down made no sense. If it cost you $100,000 to build a house today, and five years from now it cost $150,000 to build the same house; why would your house only be worth $75,000.
    The first answer I could come up with, in my mind, was it had to be the banks. I’ve always believed in the saying, “Follow the money.” In the past, as it is now, market value has little to do with what your house is worth. Before all the crooked dealing throughout the nineties, the cost of labor and material set the bottom line for value. These costs the bank covered by a building loan, which the contractor paid off from selling the house.

Friday, February 28, 2014

Fish for Friday

Edited by Morris Dean

[Anonymous selections from recent correspondence]

Arizona knows full well what the NFL isn't quite saying. "They're Coming For You...," on Madison Kimrey's blog. Excerpt
If the NFL's core values indeed "embrace tolerance, diversity, inclusiveness and prohibit discrimination," then it's time for the NFL to stand up and say they will impose a penalty on states that [officially] hate by not bringing the biggest event they have to those states, just like their Competition Committee is proposing a penalty for using the N-word on the field.

Thursday, February 27, 2014

Thor's Day: What’s wrong with Mormonism?

Or Scientology?

By Paul Clark 
(aka motomynd)

Moristotle recently published an article on Mormonism that was so well written by an obviously devout and well-informed Mormon, that I emailed the link to several people with whom I regularly discuss various views on religion and philosophy. To my surprise, they responded with feedback that was far more strident and negative than I expected.
    When I offered what mild defense I can muster for any “official” religion, one of my friends asked “What next? Are you going to start defending Scientology?”
    Which made me stop to think: Why is Scientology any worse than any of the other religious contrivances?

Wednesday, February 26, 2014

Ask Wednesday: Coy Pittman on changing the world through entrepreneurship

Burning alive

Edited by Morris Dean

Some of the more interesting people on the planet live right here in my neighborhood, and I’ve interviewed a few of them – most recently Shannon Long of Beyond Measure Barbering Institute and Ministries.
    Another such person is Coy Lee Pittman. If Shannon Long is an enterpreneur – and he assuredly is – Coy Pittman is an entrepreneur’s entrepreneur. And he can build a computer from scratch and is technically very well versed generally in computer software and hardware. He has started two tech businesses, both of which he has sold to move on to what he finds more fun than running a business – starting a new one...and mentoring others who want to start a business. We’re delighted to be able to interview him.